Staying safe online
Most of us are on the internet a lot these days. It’s a pretty sociable place to be.
You can chat to or play online with people on the other side of the world, find out major news on Twitter, share music, blogs and videos of sneezing cats/fainting goats. It’s like the whole world is our communication oyster.
That said, you do have to be careful how you use it. The amount of information we put online about ourselves can actually put us at risk – attracting unwanted attention, spam, cyberbullying – and the people we chat to, well, they aren’t always what they seem.
So it’s really important to know what you’re at, what not to do and what to do if something goes wrong or seems dodgy.
What can go wrong?
The internet is obviously a great way of keeping in touch with people, but you do have to be careful about the sort of information you share and who you share it with.
Posting photos and videos
This is one of the best things about the internet, but you have to be careful what pictures or videos you put up online especially if you or people you know are in them.
Sometimes you can put up stuff and wish you hadn’t. Once something is on the internet, even if you take it down later, it exists in cyberspace and people can copy it or find it.
The consequences of publishing images or videos you wish you hadn’t can go from slightly mortifying (everyone seeing your drunken singing) to potentially damaging (your mother or future employer seeing your drunken singing) to dangerous (people identifying you or using your image for inappropriate purposes. Eeek!)
People can encourage you to post or send them inappropriate or sexual stuff, and that can really put you at risk. If you feel uncomfortable with something someone asks you to do online, don’t do it. Block them and report it. Look for a “report this” button somewhere on the page.
The internet doesn’t forget
Don’t forget that nothing is permanently deleted. Even sites like Snapchat which claim to remove seen files can’t guarantee this. Everyone knows how to screen-grab a Snapchat, but people have also been able to retrieve sent photos at different times.
Always check your privacy settings so you can control who sees what.
Not to be alarmist, but another thing to remember is friends, boyfriends and girlfriends may not be that forever. So, content you may have shared with them privately can end up in places you didn’t intend. Take a look at sexting for more.
As a rule, if you’re not happy for your granny to see, it shouldn’t really be online for public view.
You can get messages from people offering things, like an uncle you never knew leaving you lots of money. If it sounds too good to be true, it is. Never send anyone your bank details.
Be careful about subscriptions to text services or competitions. They can seem free at first and then end up taking up all your phone credit.
People can follow your movements if you blog or post statuses about your whereabouts. If they know where you live and that you’re going away, they can use information like this to break into your house.
Be really careful with any personal information you give out. If certain websites get hold of your email address, you can get bombarded with spam.
The internet, like the real world, is full of great people and not-so-great people. If someone you’re chatting to starts saying sexual stuff that makes you uncomfortable, sending you images or asks you to do something that worries you, save the conversation and stop talking to them.
Report them on the website. If they keep contacting you call the Gardaí, they have people who deal with this sort of thing.
If you come across a website that freaks you out or makes you uncomfortable, close the page, If it’s bothering you or you think it’s illegal or wrong, talk to someone about it.
How to stay safe
- Avoid giving out personal details – credit card details, full names, addresses or phone numbers. Use nicknames on forums and other sites if you can. If you’re using a credit card online make sure it’s a secure site. If someone is pressuring you to give you these details, it may be a good idea to question why they need them.
- Meet up in a group – if you decide to meet up in person with someone you met online, arrange to do it somewhere public with lots of people. Take a couple of friends with you, or make sure there’s a group of friends nearby if you need them. Meeting in places like the park where there mightn’t be anyone around can be dangerous. If it doesn’t go as you planned, it’s harder to get help or get out of the situation.
- Avoid chatting with people who make sexual references – you never really know who you’re talking to online, they might well be older or not who they seem. If someone starts saying sexual or inappropriate stuff, stop talking to them. They might end up asking to meet face-to-face and it can be really dangerous. If they won’t leave you alone, contact the Gardaí.
- Manage your account and app settings – all social media platforms have ways to ensure privacy and restrict access to people you don’t want viewing or interacting with your account. Look in the frequently asked question (FAQ) section, or account management section. Also you can often google how to change a setting or block someone and the answer is easily available. It’s also worth bearing in mind that settings change on sites, so you might want to check them every so often.
Starting your own blog or website
Loads of people have their own blogs and websites now, and it can be a really good way of getting experience writing about your interests. Do try not to give too much away about yourself, so you’re not at risk.
- use a pseudonym/nickname
- avoid mentioning the name of your school/workplace
- don’t be too specific with where you live – especially if it’s a small town, eg saying you’re from Dublin is grand because the area is large, but saying you live in Ballymun isn’t.